Jams and Marmalades
The term jam means a semi-solid sweet preparation based on fruit or roots of carrot and sugar and cooked for a long time.
Despite the common jargon the terms jam and jam are synonymous, since 1982 as a result of a community directive only products obtained from citrus fruits can be sold in the European Union under the name of "jam", while all the preparations with different fruits must be called jam.
The jam is used as a sweet food to accompany breakfast, spread on toast or slices of toast. It is also the basic ingredient for the preparation of the dessert called tart, which consists of shortcrust pastry on which lies a layer of jam, covered with strips of shortcrust pastry.